Geostatistics for the Environmental Sciences


One of our strongest testimonials is the number of peer-reviewed journal articles in which GS+ has been used. GS+ has been cited in over 1000 papers in international journals over the past 10 years; a sampling appears below. You can generate your own search by going to and searching on "Gamma Design Software".

Abreu, S. L., J. M. Reichert, V. R. Silva, D. J. Reinert, and E. Blume. 2003. Spatial variability of soil physico-hydrical properties and wheat yield and quality in a sandy loam hapludalf under no-tillage. Ciência Rural 33:275-282.


Acharya, S. and R. Mylavarapu. 2011. Selected soil physical properties and implications on water management system in northeast Florida. Soil Science 176:1-8.


Adachi, M., A. Ishida, S. Bunyavejchewin, T. Okuda, and H. Koizumi. 2009. Spatial and temporal variation in soil respiration in a seasonally dry tropical forest, Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25:531-539.


Adams, C. F., B. P. Harris, M. C. M. Ii, and K. D. E. Stokesbury. 2010. Quantifying sea scallop bed diameter on Georges Bank with geostatistics. Fisheries Research 106:460-467.


Addis, P., M. Secci, A. Manunza, S. Corrias, A. Niffoi, and A. Cau. 2009. A geostatistical approach for the stock assessment of the edible sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, in four coastal zones of Southern and West Sardinia (SW Italy, Mediterranean Sea). Fisheries Research 100:215-221.


Adhikari, P., M. K. Shukla, and J. G. Mexal. 2011. Spatial variability of electrical conductivity of desert soil irrigated with treated wastewater: implications for irrigation management. Applied and Environmental Soil Science 2011:1-11.


Adhikary, P. P., H. Chandrasekharan, D. Chakraborty, and K. Kamble. 2010. Assessment of groundwater pollution in West Delhi, India using geostatistical approach. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment:1-17.


Afshar, F. A., S. Ayoubi, and A. Jalalian. 2010. Soil redistribution rate and its relationship with soil organic carbon and total nitrogen using 137Cs technique in a cultivated complex hillslope in western Iran. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 101:606-614.


Ahmadi, S. H. and A. Sedghamiz. 2007. Geostatistical analysis of spatial and temporal variations of groundwater level. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 129:277-294.


Akhavan, R., G. Z. Amiri, and M. Zobeiri. 2010. Spatial variability of forest growing stock using geostatistics in the Caspian region of Iran. Caspian J. Env. Sci 8:43-53.


Akhavan, R. and H. Kia-Daliri. 2010. Spatial variability and estimation of tree attributes in a plantation forest in the Caspian region of Iran using geostatistical analysis. Caspian J. Env. Sci 8:163-172.


Akinyemi, O. D., J. A. Olowofela, T. J. Sauer, and O. O. Fasunan. 2004. Spatio-temporal variability and fractal characterization of the thermal conductivity measured in situ in a natural clay soil. Journal of Geophysics and Engineering 1:252-258.


Aksakal, E. L. and T. Ozta. 2010. Changes in distribution patterns of soil penetration resistance within a silage-corn field following the use of heavy harvesting equipments. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 34:173-179.


Allen, M. F., R. Vargas, E. A. Graham, W. Swenson, M. Hamilton, M. Taggart, T. C. Harmon, A. Rat'ko, P. Rundel, and B. Fulkerson. 2007. Soil sensor technology: life within a pixel. BioScience 57:859-867.


Allen, T., H. Maples, F. Workneh, J. Stein, and C. Rush. 2008. Distribution and recovery of Tilletia indica teliospores from regulated wheat fields in Texas. Plant Disease 92:344-350.


Allen, T. W., F. Workneh, K. C. Steddom, G. L. Peterson, and C. M. Rush. 2008. The influence of tillage on dispersal of Tilletia indica teliospores from a concentrated point source. Plant Disease 92:351-356.


Alves, M. C., S. A. Botelho, L. V. A. Pinto, E. A. Pozza, M. S. Oliveira, E. Ferreira, and H. Andrade. 2008. Spatial variability of geobiophysical variables in the springs of the Ribeirão Santa Cruz watershed. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 12:527-535.


Alves, W. W. A., J. Dantas Neto, J. A. Matos, C. a. V. Azevedo, and V. L. A. Lima. 2008. Spatial variability of discharge and pressure in subunit of microsprinkler irrigation with used and new emitters Revista Ambiente e Água 3:67-80.


Amado, T. J. C., L. Z. Pes, C. L. Lemainski, and R. B. Schenato. 2009. Chemical and physical attributes of oxisols and their relation with irrigated corn and common bean yields. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 33:831-843.


Amador, J. 1998. Spatial and temporal patterns of soil biological activity in a forest and an old field. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30:219-230.


Amaral, L. P., R. A. Ferreira, L. F. Watzlawick, and A. M. Genú. 2010. Analysis of spatial distribution of biomass and carbon in trees above ground mixed ombrophilous forest. Ambiencia 6:103-114.


Amaro Filho, J., R. F. D. De Negreiros, R. N. De Assis Júnior, and J. C. A. Mota. 2007. Amostragem e variabilidade espacial de atributos físicos de um latossolo vermelho em Mossoró, RN. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 31:415-422.


Anderson, C. J. and W. J. Mitsch. 2006. Sediment, carbon, and nutrient accumulation at two 10-year-old created riverine marshes. Wetlands 26:779-792.


Andronikov, S. V., D. A. Davidson, and R. B. Spiers. 2000. Variability in contamination by heavy metals: sampling implications. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 120:29-45.


Angelico, J. C. 2006. Co-kriging performance in the determination of variability of soil attributes. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 30:931-936.


Annunziatellis, A., S. E. Beaubien, S. Bigi, G. Ciotoli, M. Coltella, and S. Lombardi. 2008. Gas migration along fault systems and through the vadose zone in the Latera Caldera (central Italy): implications for CO2 geological storage. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 3:353-372.


Antuniassi, U. R., E. D. Velini, and H. C. Nogueira. 2004. Soil and weed survey for spatially variable herbicide application on railways. Precision Agriculture 5:27-39.


Anuar, A. R., K. J. Goh, T. B. Heoh, and O. H. Ahmed. 2008. Spatial variability of soil inorganic N in a mature oil palm plantation in Sabah, Malaysia. American Journal of Applied Sciences 5:1239-1246.


Anuar, A. R., K. J. Goh, T. B. Heoh, and O. H. Ahmed. 2008. Spatial-temporal yield trend of oil palm as influenced by nitrogen fertilizer management. American Journal of Applied Sciences 5:1376-1383.


Anuar, A. R., K. J. Goh, T. B. Heoh, and O. H. Ahmed. 2008. Transforming spatio-temporal yield maps to classified management zone maps for efficient management of oil palm. American Journal of Applied Sciences 5:1392-1396.


Araujo, M. and M. Teresa. 2009. Efecto de la distribución espacial de las propiedades edáficas sobre el manejo de la fertilidad de dos suelos agrícolas. Revista Científica UDO Agrícola 9:901-911.


Ardahanlioglu, O., T. Oztas, S. Evren, H. Yilmaz, and Z. N. Yildirim. 2003. Spatial variability of exchangeable sodium, electrical conductivity, soil pH and boron content in salt-and sodium-affected areas of the Igdir plain (Turkey). Journal of Arid Environments 54:495-503.


Areas, S. D. F. 2009. Geoestatística aplicada ao estudo das características físico-químicas do solo em áreas de floresta estacional decidual. Ciência Florestal 19:383-391.


Askin, T. and R. Kizilkaya. 2005. The spatial variability of urease activity of surface agricultural soils within an urban area. Journal of Central European Agriculture 6:161-166.


Askin, T. and R. Kizilkaya. 2006. Assessing spatial variability of soil enzyme activities in pasture topsoils using geostatistics. European Journal of Soil Biology 42:230-237.


Askin, T. and R. Kizilkaya. 2007. Spatial distribution patterns of soil microbial biomass carbon within the pasture. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 72:75-79.


Assadian, N. W., L. C. Esparza, L. B. Fenn, A. S. Ali, S. Miyamoto, U. V. Figueroa, and A. W. Warrick. 1998. Spatial variability of heavy metals in irrigated alfalfa fields in the upper Rio Grande River basin. Agricultural Water Management 36:141-156.


Assadian, N. W., L. B. Fenn, M. A. Flores-Ortiz, and A. S. Ali. 1999. Spatial variability of solutes in a pecan orchard surface-irrigated with untreated effluents in the upper Rio Grande River basin. Agricultural Water Management 42:143-156.


Assadian, N. W., C. Vogel, Z. Sheng, U. V. Figueroa, and M. Palomo. 2003. Heavy metal distribution in open canals and drains in the upper Rio Grande Basin. Soil and Sediment Contamination 12:305-323.


Auerswald, K. and W. Schimmack. 2000. Element-pool balances in soils containing rock fragments. Catena 40:279-290.


Augustine, D. J. 2003. Spatial heterogeneity in the herbaceous layer of a semi-arid savanna ecosystem. Plant Ecology 167:319-332.


Augustine, D. J. 2010. Spatial versus temporal variation in precipitation in a semiarid ecosystem. Landscape ecology:1-13.


Augustine, D. J. and D. A. Frank. 2001. Effects of migratory grazers on spatial heterogeneity of soil nitrogen properties in a grassland ecosystem. Ecology 82:3149-3162.


Axis-Arroyo, J. and J. Mateu. 2004. Spatio-temporal modeling of benthic biological species. Journal of Environmental Management 71:67-77.


Aziz, Z., A. Van Geen, M. Stute, R. Versteeg, A. Horneman, Y. Zheng, S. Goodbred, M. Steckler, B. Weinman, and I. Gavrieli. 2008. Impact of local recharge on arsenic concentrations in shallow aquifers inferred from the electromagnetic conductivity of soils in Araihazar, Bangladesh. Water Resources Research 44:W07416.


Babin, R., G. M. Ten Hoopen, C. Cilas, F. Enjalric, P. Gendre, and J. P. Lumaret. 2010. Impact of shade on the spatial distribution of Sahlbergella singularis in traditional cocoa agroforests. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 12:69-79.


Bailey, J. S., A. Higgins, and C. Jordan. 2000. Empirical models for predicting the dry matter yield of grass silage swards using plant tissue analyses. Precision Agriculture 2:131-145.


Baldwin, R. A., A. E. Houston, M. L. Kennedy, and P. S. Liu. 2004. An assessment of microhabitat variables and capture success of striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis). Journal of Mammalogy 85:1068-1076.


Barbieri, D. M., J. Marques Júnior, and G. T. Pereira. 2008. Spatial variability of chemical attributes in an alfisol for variable rates of inputs in different forms of relief. Engenharia Agrícola 28:645-653.


Basso, B. 2005. Digital terrain analysis: data source, resolution and applications for modeling physical processes in agroecosystems. Rivista Italiana di Agrometeorologia 5-14:1-10.


Basso, B., M. Bertocco, L. Sartori, and E. C. Martin. 2007. Analyzing the effects of climate variability on spatial pattern of yield in a maize–wheat–soybean rotation. European Journal of Agronomy 26:82-91.


Basso, B., D. Cammarano, D. Chen, G. Cafiero, M. Amato, G. Bitella, R. Rossi, and F. Basso. 2009. Landscape position and precipitation effects on spatial variability of wheat yield and grain protein in southern Italy. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 195:301-312.


Basso, B., D. Cammarano, P. R. Grace, G. Cafiero, L. Sartori, M. Pisante, G. Landi, S. De Franchi, and F. Basso. 2010. Criteria for selecting optimal nitrogen fertilizer rates for precision agriculture. Italian Journal of Agronomy 4:147-158.


Basso, B., J. T. Ritchie, F. J. Pierce, R. P. Braga, and J. W. Jones. 2001. Spatial validation of crop models for precision agriculture. Agricultural Systems 68:97-112.


Battaglia, M. A., P. Mou, B. Palik, and R. J. Mitchell. 2002. The effect of spatially variable overstory on the understory light environment of an open-canopied longleaf pine forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research/Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestiere 32:1984-1991.


Battilani, P., C. Barbano, S. Marin, V. Sanchis, Z. Kozakiewicz, and N. Magan. 2006. Mapping of Aspergillus section Nigri in southern Europe and Israel based on geostatistical analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology 111:72-82.


Becker, J. M., T. Parkin, C. H. Nakatsu, J. D. Wilbur, and A. Konopka. 2006. Bacterial activity, community structure, and centimeter-scale spatial heterogeneity in contaminated soil. Microbial Ecology 51:220-231.


Bekele, A., R. G. Downer, M. C. Wolcott, W. H. Hudnall, and S. H. Moore. 2003. Comparative evaluation of spatial prediction methods in a field experiment for mapping soil potassium. Soil Science 168:15.


Bekele, A. and W. H. Hudnall. 2006. Spatial variability of soil chemical properties of a prairie–forest transition in Louisiana. Plant and Soil 280:7-21.


Bekele, A., W. H. Hudnall, J. J. Daigle, J. A. Prudente, and M. Wolcott. 2005. Scale dependent variability of soil electrical conductivity by indirect measures of soil properties. Journal of Terramechanics 42:339-351.


Bello-Pineda, J. and J. L. Hernández-Stefanoni. 2007. Comparing the performance of two spatial interpolation methods for creating a digital bathymetric model of the Yucatan submerged platform. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences 2:247-254.


Bengtson, P., N. Basiliko, C. E. Prescott, and S. J. Grayston. 2007. Spatial dependency of soil nutrient availability and microbial properties in a mixed forest of Tsuga heterophylla and Pseudotsuga menziesii, in coastal British Columbia, Canada. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39:2429-2435.


Bengtson, P. E. R., U. Falkengren-Grerup, and G. Bengtsson. 2006. Spatial distributions of plants and gross N transformation rates in a forest soil. Journal of Ecology 94:754-764.


Bengtsson, G. and N. Törneman. 2009. A spatial approach to environmental risk assessment of PAH contamination. Risk Analysis 29:48-61.


Bengtsson, G., N. Törneman, and X. Yang. 2010. Spatial uncoupling of biodegradation, soil respiration, and PAH concentration in a creosote contaminated soil. Environmental Pollution 158:2865-2871.


Bentz, J. and A. M. Townsend. 2004. Spatial and temporal patterns of abundance of the potato leafhopper among red maples. Annals of Applied Biology 145:157-164.


Bergslien, E. and J. Fountain. 2008. Examining the utility of epoxy replicas of single, natural fractures in dolostone for visualization experiments. Hydrogeology Journal 16:43-53.


Bernoux, M., D. Arrouays, C. C. Cerri, P. M. De Alencastro Graça, B. Volkoff, and J. Trichet. 1998. Estimation des stocks de carbone des sols du Rondônia (Amazonie brésilienne). Etudes et Gestion des Sols 5:31-42.


Bertazzon, S., C. Micheletti, A. Critto, and A. Marcomini. 2006. Spatial analysis in ecological risk assessment: pollutant bioaccumulation in clams Tapes philipinarum in the Venetian lagoon (Italy). Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 30:880-904.


Bio, A. M. F., P. De Becker, E. De Bie, W. Huybrechts, and M. Wassen. 2002. Prediction of plant species distribution in lowland river valleys in Belgium: modelling species response to site conditions. Biodiversity and Conservation 11:2189-2216.


Birchenko, I., Y. Feng, and J. Romero-Severson. 2009. Biogeographical distribution of chloroplast diversity in northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.). The American Midland Naturalist 161:134-145.


Birrell, S. J., K. A. Sudduth, and S. C. Borgelt. 1996. Comparison of sensors and techniques for crop yield mapping. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 14:215-233.


Blackwell, A., K. A. Lock, B. Marshall, B. Boag, and S. C. Gordon. 1999. The spatial distribution of larvae of Culicoides impunctatus biting midges. Medical & Veterinary Entomology 13:362-371.


Bloemers, G. F., M. Hodda, P. J. D. Lambshead, J. H. Lawton, and F. R. Wanless. 1997. The effects of forest disturbance on diversity of tropical soil nematodes. Oecologia 111:575-582.


Blog, I. 2002. The use of spatial analysis in mapping the distribution of Bancroftian filariasis in four West African countries. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 96:695-705.


Boerner, R. E. J. and J. A. Brinkman. 2005. Effect of prescribed fire at two frequencies on N mineralization and nitrification at two spatial scales in mixed oak forests. Fire Ecology 1:28-49.


Boerner, R. E. J., B. G. Demars, and P. N. Leicht. 1996. Spatial patterns of mycorrhizal infectiveness of soils long a successional chronosequence. Mycorrhiza 6:79-90.


Boerner, R. E. J., A. J. Scherzer, and J. A. Brinkman. 1998. Spatial patterns of inorganic N, P availability, and organic C in relation to soil disturbance: a chronosequence analysis. Applied Soil Ecology 7:159-177.


Borgelt, S. C., R. E. Wieda, and K. A. Sudduth. 1997. Geostatistical analysis of soil chemical properties from nested grids. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13:477-483.


Boruvka, L., H. Donátová, and K. Nemecek. 2002. Spatial distribution and correlation of soil properties in a field: a case study. Rostl. Výr 48:425-432.


Boruvka, L., L. Mladkova, and O. Drabek. 2005. Factors controlling spatial distribution of soil acidification and Al forms in forest soils. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 99:1796-1806.


Bossenbroek, J. M., C. E. Kraft, and J. C. Nekola. 2001. Prediction of long-distance dispersal using gravity models: Zebra Mussel invasion of inland lakes. Ecological Applications 11:1778-1788.


Bowman, D., J. Riley, G. Boggs, C. Lehmann, and L. Prior. 2008. Do feral buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) explain the increase of woody cover in savannas of Kakadu National Park, Australia? Journal of Biogeography 35:1976-1988.


Brodský, L., V. Vanek, L. Boruvka, and J. Száková. 2004. Consistency of spatial dependence of soil chemical properties in two fields: a geostatistical study. Plant, Soil and Environment 50:507-512.


Bronson, K. F., J. D. Booker, S. J. Officer, R. J. Lascano, S. J. Maas, S. W. Searcy, and J. Booker. 2005. Apparent electrical conductivity, soil properties and spatial covariance in the US southern high plains. Precision Agriculture 6:297-311.


Brun, E. J., C. R. S. Silva, S. Vaccaro, and R. M. R. Neto. 2009. Geoestatística aplicada ao estudo das características físico-químicas do solo em áreas de Floresta Estacional Decidual. Ciência Florestal 19.


Brye, K. R. 2006. Soil biochemical properties as affected by land leveling in a clayey aquert. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:1129-1139.


Brye, K. R., P. Chen, L. C. Purcell, M. Mozaffari, and R. J. Norman. 2004. First-year soybean growth and production as affected by soil properties following land leveling. Plant and Soil 263:323-334.


Brye, K. R., N. A. Slaton, and R. J. Norman. 2005. Penetration resistance as affected by shallow-cut land leveling and cropping. Soil and Tillage Research 81:1-13.


Bucene, L. C. and C. R. L. Zimback. 2003. Comparação de métodos de interpolação e análise espacial em dados de pH, em Botucatu-SP. Irriga 8:21-28.


Bullock, D. S., J. Lowenberg-Deboer, and S. M. Swinton. 2002. Adding value to spatially managed inputs by understanding site-specific yield response. Agricultural Economics 27:233-245.


Butler, B. J. and R. L. Chazdon. 1998. Species richness, spatial variation, and abundance of the soil seed bank of a secondary tropical rain forest. Biotropica 30:214-222.


Camacho-Tamayo, J. H., C. A. Luengas, and F. R. Leiva. 2008. Effect of agricultural intervention on the spatial variability of some soils chemical properties in the eastern plains of Colombia. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 68:42-55.


Camargo, L. A., J. Marques Júnior, and G. T. Pereira. 2010. Spatial variability of physical attributes of an alfisol under different hillslope curvatures. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 34:617-630.


Camargo, L. A., J. Marques Júnior, G. T. Pereira, and R. A. Horvat. 2008. Spatial variability of mineralogical attributes of an oxisol under different relief forms: II-correlation between mineralogy and aggregation. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 32:2279-2288.


Cambissolo, T. and S. B. Y. M. C. U. Taxonomy. 2010. Interferência da densidade de amostragem na espacialização dos atributos do solo para fins de mapeamento das unidades. Scientia Agraria 11:239-245.


Campbell, J. F., G. Orza, F. Yoder, E. Lewis, and R. Gaugler. 1998. Spatial and temporal distribution of endemic and released entomopathogenic nematode populations in turfgrass. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 86:1-11.


Campos, M. C. C. and J. M. Júnior. 2007. Relações solo-paisagem em uma litosseqüência arenito-basalto na região de Pereira Barreto, SP. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 31.


Campos, M. C. C., J. M. Júnior, G. T. Pereira, and E. V. S. Freitas. 2008. Dependência espacial de atributos químicos em área cultivada com cana-de-açúcar em Pereira Barreto, SP. Revista Ciência Agronômica 38:350.


Campos, M. C. C., J. M. Júnior, G. T. Pereira, R. Montanari, and D. S. Siqueira. 2008. Variabilidade espacial da textura de solos de diferentes materiais de origem em Pereira Barreto, SP. Revista Ciência Agronômica 38:149.


Campos, M. C. C., J. Marques Júnior, and G. T. Pereira. 2010. Influência das superfícies geomórficas na distribuição espacial dos atributos do solo em área sob cultivo de cana-de-açúcar. Engenharia Agrícola 24:309-319.


Campos, M. C. C., J. Marques Júnior, G. T. Pereira, Z. M. Souza, and R. Montanari. 2009. Agricultural planning and implementation of cultivation systems for sugarcane using geostatistics techniques. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 13:297-304.


Cannavacciuolo, M., A. Bellido, D. Cluzeau, C. Gascuel, and P. Trehen. 1998. A geostatistical approach to the study of earthworm distribution in grassland. Applied Soil Ecology 9:345-349.


Capers, R. S. and R. L. Chazdon. 2004. Rapid assessment of understory light availability in a wet tropical forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 123:177-185.


Carvalho, G. J., M. P. Carvalho, O. S. Freddi, and M. V. Martins. 2006. Correlation between bean yield and soil penetration resistance under no-tillage. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 10:765-771.


Carvalho, L. M., P. M. Correia, R. J. Ryel, and M. A. Martins-Loução. 2003. Spatial variability of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores in two natural plant communities. Plant and Soil 251:227-236.


Cassel F., S., D. Goorahoo, D. Zoldoske, and D. Adhikari. 2008. Mapping soil salinity Using ground-based electromagnetic induction. Pages 199-210 in G. Metternicht and A. Zinck, editors. Remote Sensing of Soil Salinization: Impact on Land Management. CRC Press.


Castillo, A., J. C. Espinoza, J. Valle, and Y. F. Infante. 2006. Dispersión del parasitoide Africano phymastichus coffea lasalle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) en un nuevo agroecosistema. Folia Entomologica Mexicana 45:319-327.


Castillo, D. I., J. a. R. Corral, D. R. G. Eguiarte, and J. G. F. Garnica. 2009. pH spatial distribution in agricultural soils of Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico. Agricultura Técnica en México 35:267-276.


Castrejón, H., R. Pérez-Castañeda, and O. Defeo. 2005. Spatial structure and bathymetric patterns of penaeoid shrimps in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico. Fisheries Research 72:291-300.


Cavalcante, E. G. S., M. C. Alves, G. T. Pereira, and Z. M. Souza. 2007. Spatial variability of Mo, P, K and CTC of soil under different use and management conditions. Ciência Rural 37:394-400.


Cemek, B., M. Güler, K. Kiliç, Y. Demir, and H. Arslan. 2007. Assessment of spatial variability in some soil properties as related to soil salinity and alkalinity in Bafra plain in northern Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 124:223-234.


Cemek, B. and R. Kizilkaya. 2006. Spatial variability and monitoring of Pb contamination of farming soils affected by industry. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 117:357-375.


Cerri, C. C., M. Bernoux, D. Arrouays, B. J. Feigl, and M. C. Piccolo. 2000. Carbon stocks in soils of the Brazilian Amazon. Pages 33-43 in R. Lal, J. M. Kimble, and B. A. Stewart, editors. Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems. CRC Press.


Chaplot, V., S. Lorentz, P. Podwojewski, and G. Jewitt. 2010. Digital mapping of A-horizon thickness using the correlation between various soil properties and soil apparent electrical resistivity. Geoderma 157:154-164


Chen, F. S., D. H. Zeng, and X. Y. He. 2006. Small-scale spatial variability of soil nutrients and vegetation properties in semi-arid northern China. Pedosphere 16:778-787.


Chen, H., Z. Shen, G. Liu, and Z. Tong. 2009. Spatial heterogeneity of available zinc, copper, and manganese in Xiangcheng tobacco planting fields, Henan province, China. Frontiers of Biology in China 4:469-476.


Chen, H., Z. Shen, G. Liu, and Z. Tong. 2009. Spatial variability of soil fertility factors in the Xiangcheng tobacco planting region, China. Frontiers of Biology in China 4:350-357.


Chen, X. and B. L. Li. 2004. Quickly identifying tree species susceptible to extinction: a case study of seven tree species at Northeast China Transect. Journal for Nature Conservation 12:205-211.


Chen, X. and B. L. Li. 2005. Spatial distribution of forest biome energetics in China. Forestry 78:461.


Chen, X. and B. L. Li. 2005. Spatial variability of plant functional types of trees along Northeast China Transect. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 3:39-49.


Chen, X., B. L. Li, and X. S. Zhang. 2008. Using spatial analysis to monitor tree diversity at a large scale: a case study in Northeast China Transect. Journal of Plant Ecology 1:137.


Cheng, T. and J. Wang. 2009. Accommodating spatial associations in DRNN for space-time analysis. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 33:409-418.


Cheng, X., S. An, J. Chen, B. Li, Y. Liu, and S. Liu. 2007. Spatial relationships among species, above-ground biomass, N, and P in degraded grasslands in Ordos Plateau, Northwestern China. Journal of Arid Environments 68:652-667.


Chi, F., S. H. Shen, H. P. Cheng, Y. X. Jing, Y. G. Yanni, and F. B. Dazzo. 2005. Ascending migration of endophytic Rhizobia, from roots to leaves, inside rice plants and assessment of benefits to rice growth physiology. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71:7271.


Chidumayo, E. N. 2006. Fitness implications of late bud break and time of burning in Lannea edulis (Sond.) Engl.(Anacardiaceae). Flora 201:588-594.


Chidumayo, E. N. 2007. Growth responses of an African savanna tree, Bauhinia thonningii Schumacher, to defoliation, fire and climate. Trees-Structure and Function 21:231-238.


Chidumayo, E. N. 2008. Implications of climate warming on seedling emergence and mortality of African savanna woody plants. Plant Ecology 198:61-71.


Chig, L. A., E. G. Couto, J. P. Novaes Filho, L. C. M. Rodrigues, M. S. Johnson, and O. L. S. Weber. 2008. Spatial distribution of soil texture, color and soil organic carbon across a headwater transect in the southern Amazon. Acta Amazonica 38:715-722.


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